Sunday, 21 July 2024, 12:13 PM
Site: Unitec Online
Course: Guide to Moodle (Guide to Moodle)
Glossary: Guide to Moodle
William(Administrator) Lu (No Reply)


These are the interactive parts of your course, and allow students (and teachers) to do things.

To add a new activity to your course you must first turn editing on

Turn editing on

Note: There are now two methods for adding activities and resources to course pages, you may either use the traditional Add activity or resource link or the new Activity chooser

Check the Administration block to see if you have the Activity chooser turned on or off. You may turn the chooser on or off by clicking on the entry within the Administration block.

Activity chooser off

Add an activity using the Add activity or resource link

Note: To use this method the Activity chooser must be turned offActivity chooser off

Scroll to the bottom of the section where you wish to add the activity and click the Add activity or resource link near the bottom.

add an activity or resource (link)

The Add an activity or resource window will appear. Select the type of activity you wish to add and click the Add button, otherwise click Cancel to return to your course page.

Add an activity or resource (window)

Add an activity using the Activity chooser

Note: To use this method the Activity chooser must be turned onActivity chooser on

When enabled the Activity chooser replaces the Add activity or resource link described above with two drop down boxes one for resources and one for activities.

Activity chooser

Scroll to the bottom of the section where you wish to add the activity and click the Add and activity drop down menu. Click on the activity type you wish to add from the list that appears.

Activity chooser menu

This page describes the process of adding activities to your course page, however, the process of adding resources is essentially the same.

Activities - Assignment - Grading assignments

Once students have submitted assignments, you will see this information when you visit the assignment module in your course:

assignments need grading

Click "View/grade all submissions"

You will see a grid view of all your students and their submissions.

Students who have submitted will have a green "Submitted for grading" box under "Status".

not yet graded

To grade, click the small pencil icon next to it, or hover over the icon in the "Edit" column for more options.

grading buttons

The grading view gives you an overview of the student's assignment:

submission overview

From here you can download the file, or click the "+" button above the online text to view the full online text submission. If the student has added submission comments to their assignment, they will also show here where it says "Comments (0)".

Further down you can grade the assignment using the drop down menu (if you have chosen a custom grading scale) or if you have chosen a number grade then you will get a small box to type the grade into.

grade and feedback 1

There is also a box for putting your feedback into.

NB - an assignment's grade MUST be filled out or changed from "No grade" before the student can see any feedback! No grade, no feedback!

grade and feedback 2

If you enabled the ability to add feedback files, you will see an upload box underneath the comments section for you to upload the feedback file to the student. This can be their own assignment, sent back to them with comments all over it.

feedback files

Once you are done, either click "Save changes" if this is the only student you are giving feedback to, or "Save and show next" if you are grading all of your students.

Clicking "Cancel" or "Next" will lose your grade and feedback information!

Activities - Assignment - Setting up an assignment

From the "Add an activity or resource" menu, choose "Assignment"

assignment general

Assignment name - Give the assignment a descriptive name

Assignment description - This is a good place for the assignment information and marking criteria

Display description on course page - checking this will display the assignment description directly below the assignment name on the course page. Otherwise students will see the description when they click on the assignment name to view the assignment.

assignment availability

Allow submissions from - If enabled, students will not be able to submit before this date. If disabled, students will be able to start submitting right away.

Due date - This is when the assignment is due. Submissions will still be allowed after this date but any assignments submitted after this date are marked as late. To prevent submissions after a certain date - set the assignment cut off date.

Cut-off date - If set, the assignment will not accept submissions after this date without an extension.

Always show description - If disabled, the Assignment Description above will only become visible to students at the "Allow submissions from" date.

submission types

Submission types

Maximum number of uploaded files - If file submissions are enabled, each student will be able to upload up to this number of files for their submission.

Maximum submission size - Files uploaded by students may be up to this size.

feedback types

Feedback comments - If enabled, the marker can leave feedback comments for each submission.

Offline grading worksheet - If enabled, the teacher will be able to download and upload a worksheet with student grades when marking the assignments.

Feedback files - If enabled, the teacher will be able to upload files with feedback when marking the assignments. These files may be, but are not limited to marked up student submissions, documents with comments or spoken audio feedback.

submission settings

Require students click submit button - If enabled, students will have to click a Submit button to declare their submission as final. This allows students to keep a draft version of the submission on the system. If this setting is changed from "No" to "Yes" after students have already submitted those submissions will be regarded as final.

Require that students accept the submission statement - Require that students accept the submission statement for all submissions to this assignment.

Attempts reopened

Determines how student submission attempts are reopened. The available options are:

Maximum number of attempts - The maximum number of submissions attempts that can be made by a student. After this number of attempts has been made the student's submission will not be able to be reopened.

group submission settings

Students submit in groups - If enabled students will be divided into groups based on the default set of groups or a custom grouping. A group submission will be shared among group members and all members of the group will see each others changes to the submission.

Require all group members submit - If enabled, all members of the student group must click the submit button for this assignment before the group submission will be considered as submitted. If disabled, the group submission will be considered as submitted as soon as any member of the student group clicks the submit button.

Grouping for student groups - This is the grouping that the assignment will use to find groups for student groups. If not set - the default set of groups will be used.

assignment notifications

Notify graders about submissions - If enabled, graders (usually teachers) receive a message whenever a student submits an assignment, early, on time and late. Message methods are configurable.

Notify graders about late submissions - If enabled, graders (usually teachers) receive a message whenever a student submits an assignment late. Message methods are configurable.

assignment grade

Grade - Select a number that the assignment is graded out of, or one of the custom scales available either from the site level or created at the course level.

Grading method

Choose the advanced grading method that should be used for calculating grades in the given context.

To disable advanced grading and switch back to the default grading mechanism, choose 'Simple direct grading'. Other options are 'Marking guide' and 'Rubric'.

Grade category - This setting controls the category in which this activity's grades are placed in the gradebook.

Blind marking - Blind marking hides the identity of students to markers. Blind marking settings will be locked once a submission or grade has been made in relation to this assignment.

Activities - Assignment - Submitting assignments

Students can submit assignments by visiting the assignment activity in Moodle.

They will see a submission button (if submissions are open).

submission 1

Depending on what has been set up by the teacher, a student may be asked to upload a file:

file submission

And/or write some text directly into Moodle:

online text

When they are done they click "Save changes".

They are then given an overview of their assignment, which they may or may not be able to edit depending on the assignment settings:

submission status

Once the teacher has graded the assignment, this view may change to something like this:


And feedback appears underneath:

feedback and grade

Activities - Chat

The chat activity module enables participants to have text-based, real-time synchronous discussions.

The chat may be a one-time activity or it may be repeated at the same time each day or each week. Chat sessions are saved and can be made available for everyone to view or restricted to users with the capability to view chat session logs.

Chats are especially useful when the group chatting is not able to meet face-to-face, such as

  • Regular meetings of students participating in online courses to enable them to share experiences with others in the same course but in a different location
  • A student temporarily unable to attend in person chatting with their teacher to catch up with work
  • Students out on work experience getting together to discuss their experiences with each other and their teacher
  • Younger children using chat at home in the evenings as a controlled (monitored) introduction to the world of social networking
  • A question and answer session with an invited speaker in a different location
  • Sessions to help students prepare for tests where the teacher, or other students, would pose sample questions

Activities - Chat - Setting up a chat room

Choose "Chat" from the "Add an activity or resource" menu.

chat general

Give your chat room a name.

Write a brief description (maybe what you wish the students to use the chat room for, some general guidelines/rules).

Display description on course page - If enabled, the description above will be displayed on the course page just below the link to the activity or resource.

chat sessions

If you want students to be made aware of times that you will be in the chat room, choose a session time.

Repeat/publish session times - Choose whether a session time will be published in the course calendar, and how often you are repeating this session time.

NOTE - the chat room remains open at all times even outside of the published session times. If you don't want students to use the chat room outside of the published session times, please use the eye to hide the chat room from students.

Save past sessions - this determines how long Moodle keeps a record/transcript of chat sessions.

Everyone can view past sessions - If set to No, only users have mod/chat:readlog capability are able to see the chat logs (teachers, non-editing teachers). If set to Yes, students can also view past chat sessions.

Activities - Chat - Using a chat room

Visit the chat room on your course page.

chat entry screen

This will show you:

  • Name of chat room
  • Chat room description
  • A link to open the chat room
  • A link to a more accessible version of the chat room (good for older browsers or screen readers)
  • A link to past chat sessions (if any)
  • A list of people currently in the chat room (if any)

Click to enter the chat room.

chat room

This is a simple three-panel chat interface.

Top left you see any messages users have posted. Note you will only see messages from the time you enter the room until the time you leave the room. To see messages posted when you're not in the room, view the chat logs.

Bottom left is where you can type your messages. Press enter/return on your keyboard to post them to the chat window.

The right panel is the list of users in the room. It shows you how long the user has been idle, and gives you a link to "beep" the user (this will make a beeping sound on their computer if they have sound turned on).

To leave the room, simply close the chat room window.

Activities - Choice

The choice activity module enables a teacher to ask a single question and offer a selection of possible responses.

Choice results may be published after students have answered, after a certain date, or not at all. Results may be published with student names or anonymously.

A choice activity may be used

  • As a quick poll to stimulate thinking about a topic
  • To quickly test students' understanding
  • To facilitate student decision-making, for example allowing students to vote on a direction for the course.

Activities - Choice - Setting up a choice

Select "Choice" from the "Add an activity or resource" menu.

choice general

Choice name - Give the activity a name. This will display on the course page and at the top of the page when viewing the activity.

Description - This is a good place to put the question you are asking the students to answer.

Display description on course page - If enabled, the description above will be displayed on the course page just below the link to the activity or resource.

Display mode for the options

  • Display horizontally - will display the possible selections/answers listed horizontally across the page
  • Display vertically - will display the possible selections/answers listed vertically on the page

choice options

Allow choice to be updated - Allows the student to change their mind/choice even after they have answered.

Limit the number of responses allowed - This lets you put a limit on each option. For example, you can get students to arrange themselves into groups of 4 using the choice activity, so you would limit each option to 4 users. Once 4 users have chosen that option, no more can choose it, they must choose another. If this is left on No, then the "Limit" fields remain disabled.

Options - At least one option must be given. Any fields left blank will not be included.

Limits - If you set "limit the number of responses" to Yes, then these fields will become enabled and you can choose how many students/users can choose each option.

choice availability

Restrict answering to this time period - By checking this box, you can select a time during which students can use the activity and make their choices. After the time is closed, students can still view the activity and choices they made, but can no longer make changes or new choices.

choice results

Publish results

  • Do not publish results to students - Students never see responses, only teachers see responses
  • Show results to students after they answer - Responses are hidden from student until they have made their own choice
  • Show results to students only after choice is closed - Only use this option if you have set the availability start and end date, otherwise it won't work.
  • Always show results to students - Students see other responses even if they haven't answered themselves.

Privacy of results

  • Publish anonymous results, do not show student names - This produces a simple bar graph of responses with no names.
  • Publish full results, showing names and their choices - This produces a chart showing which students have responded to which choice.

NOTE - teachers always see which students have answered which choice, no matter the settings above.

Activities - Choice - Using a choice

Once you have a choice activity set up it is simple to use.

Students visit the choice activity, select the option they wish to answer, and click "Save my choice".

save my choice

If they see anonymous results, they may see a bar graph like this:

choice bar graph

You as the teacher would also see this bar graph, but you also have a link near the top right that says "View X responses" where X is the number of users/students who have answered the choice activity.

choice view responses

You will see all responses, who responded what, and have the option of deleting responses or downloading all responses in various formats.